10 Infantry Regiment
Distinctive Unit Insignia
A gold color metal and enamel device 1 inch (2.54cm) in height overall a Roman numeral "X" blue, superimposed on a Roman Sword in scabbard paleways point down gold, over all a circular band silver fimbriated gold bearing the motto "COURAGE AND FIDELITY" in chief and the date in Roman numerals "MDCCCLV" in base both blue.
The Roman numeral "X" signifies the numerical designation of the regiment; the sword is representative of the dress sabers carried by the officers of the regiment when it was organized. The circular band is indicative of the knapsack straps and waist belts, like those if the French chasseurs-a-pied, worn by the 10th Regiment in the late 1850's. The motto is taken from an address made by Colonel Edmund B. Alexander, first colonel of the regiment, upon the occasion of the presentation of the regimental colors at Carlisle Barracks, Pennsylvania, in September 1855. The Roman numerals "MDCCCLV" signify the year the regiment was constituted and organized.
The distinctive unit insignia was approved on 24 Nov 1920.
Coat Of Arms
The 10th Infantry Regiment is not authorized a Coat of Arms. As such, the 10th Infantry's badge appears on the organizational color. On 24 Nov 1920, the Secretary of War instructed the regimental badge be placed on the regimental color above the eagle.
Badge Description - A Roman numeral "X" Azure, superimposed on a Roman sword in scabbard palewise point down Or, overall a circular band Argent, fimbriated of the second, bearing the motto "COURAGE AND FIDELITY" in chief and the date in Roman numerals "MDCCCLV" in base, both of the first.
The badge is self-explanatory. The motto is taken from the speech made by the first Colonel of the Regiment, E.B. Alexander, upon the occasion of the presentation of colors to the regiment.
The badge was approved on 24 Nov 1920.