A gold color metal and enamel device 1 inch (2.54cm) blazoned: On an heraldic wreath Or and Sable, a buffalo statant Proper. On a scroll of the second fimbriated of the first the motto "READY AND FORWARD" of the like.
Black and gold have long been used as the regimental colors. The buffalo has likewise been the emblem of the regiment for many years having its origin in the term "Buffalo soldiers" applied by the Indians to colored regiments. The distinctive unit insignia is worn in pairs.
The distinctive unit insignia was originally approved on 13 Mar 1922. It was amended 6 Dec 1923 to change the wording in the description and the method of wear. On 19 Mar 1951 the insignia was redesignated for the 510th Tank Battalion. The distinctive unit insignia was redesignated for the 10th Cavalry on 12 May 1959.