A Silver color metal and enamel device 1 5/16 inches (3.33 cm) in height overall consisting of a shield blazoned: Azure three Indian arrows pyramidwise Argent. Attached above from a wreath Argent and Azure an Indian's head with war bonnet all Proper. Attached below and to the sides of the shield a Silver scroll inscribed "TANAP NANAIYA KIA ALHTAIYAHA" in Blue letters.
The shield is blue for Infantry, the unit's original designation. The arrows are indicative of the Indian heritage of Oklahoma. The language used in the motto is that of the Choctaw Indian and translates to "Ready In War Or Peace."
The distinctive unit insignia was originally approved for the 180th Infantry Regiment on 30 October 1925. It was amended to revise the symbolism on 10 May 1979. It was redesignated for the 180th Cavalry Regiment with the description and symbolism updated effective 1 December 2008.