Per fess enhanced Or and Sable, in chief a battle-axe Gules and in base a lion rampant of the first.
That for the regiments and separate battalions of the Vermont Army National Guard: From a wreath Or and Sable, a buck's head erased within a garland of pine branches, all Proper.
VIRIDIMONTES DEFENDEMUS (We Defend The Green Mountains).
The service of the former organization, the 124th Antiaircraft Artillery, is indicated by the battle-axe, a favorite Teutonic weapon and heraldic charge throughout the medieval period, which represents the Rhineland campaign. The gold lion on the black field is taken from the arms of Bavaria, and symbolizes the Central Europe campaign, which was centered around the large province.
The crest is that of the Vermont Army National Guard.
The coat of arms was originally approved for the 124th Antiaircraft Artillery Automatic Weapons Battalion on 21 April 1953. It was cancelled on 8 September 1961. The insignia was reinstated and redesignated for the 124th Regiment, with the blazon and symbolism revised, on 20 May 1997.