Campaign and Service Medals
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Philippine Campaign Medal


Description

A bronze medal, 1 1/4 inch in diameter, with an oxidized, relieved finish.

Obverse

A palm tree bearing coconuts with a lamp in dexter and a scale in sinister. Around the border at the top is the inscription PHILIPPINE INSURRECTION and the date 1899 in base.

Reverse

On the reverse is a trophy composed of an eagle perched on a cannon supported by crossed flags, rifles, an Indian shield, spear, quiver of arrows, a Cuban machete, and a Sulu Kris. Below the trophy are the words ''FOR SERVICE''. Around the border are the words ''UNITED STATES ARMY'' in the upper half and thirteen stars in the lower half.


Ribbon

The ribbon is 1 3/8 inches wide and consists of the following vertical stripes: 1/16 inch Ultramarine Blue, 5/16 inch Old Glory Red, 5/8 inch Ultramarine Blue, 5/16 inch Old Glory Red, and 1/16inch Ultramarine Blue.


Criteria

See Army Regulation 600-8-22, Military Awards.


Components

Medal. MIL-DTL-3943/195.

Ribbon. MIL-DTL-11589/138.

Streamer. Streamers are displayed on the organizational flag of units that received credit for participating in any of the campaigns. The inscription will be as indicated on the unit's lineage and honors.


Symbolism

The palm tree represents the tropical character of the Philippines. The lamp denotes enlightenment. The scales allude to justice and the bringing of enlightenment and just to the Philippines. The date indicates the year the Philippine Insurrection began.


Background

The Philippine Campaign Medal was established on January 12, 1905 by War Department General Order 5.

There are 11 campaign streamers displayed on the Army flag to represent service in the Philippines. The campaigns are:

  1. MANILA 1899
  2. ILOILO 1899
  3. MALOLOS 1899
  4. LAGUNA DE BAY 1899
  5. SAN ISIDRO 1899
  6. ZAPOTE RIVER 1899
  7. CAVITE 1899-1900
  8. TARLAC 1899
  9. SAN FABIAN 1899
  10. MINDANAO1902-1905
  11. JOLO 1905, 1906, 1913





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